By Joachim Fischer, Chris van Uffelen
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Extra resources for 1000 x European Architecture
In the medium-voltage applications, they provide an increase in reliability and capacity over MCCBs and insulated case breakers. With contacts contained in an airtight chamber, there is no risk of explosion, fire, or external MOTOR CIRCUIT PROTECTORS ■ 47 effects arising from the vacuum bottles during the breaking process. They have longer maintenance intervals than other types of breakers. INSULATED CASE CIRCUIT BREAKERS Insulated case circuit breakers (ICCBs) are available in frame sizes from 400 to 5,000 A, with interrupting ratings of 65, 85, and 100 kAIC (thousand ampere interrupting capacity).
24 ■ POWER, CONTROL, AND LIGHTING TRANSFORMER ELECTRICAL POWER The basic electrical formula for electrical power is P (in watts) = E × I. As an example, if 1,500 watts is flowing into a transformer, about 1,500 watts must be flowing out of it. 5 A is flowing in the secondary. The voltage was decreased, and the current increased. This happened because of the basic requirement that power in must equal power out less losses. This change in current was the same as the change in the voltage, only in inverse.
8 °F (1 °C) allows for about a 1 percent increase in transformer capacity. INSULATION MATERIAL TEMPERATURE RISE When a transformer is installed in a location for some time with no power applied to it, its temperature will equalize with that of the air surrounding the transformer. When power is applied to the transformer, and a load is applied to the secondary winding, the windings will begin to rise in temperature. For example, if the ambient temperature was, say, 104 °F (40 °C), and the windings, when fully loaded, heated up an additional 131 °F (55 °C), the actual temperature of the windings would be at 203 °F (95 °C).
1000 x European Architecture by Joachim Fischer, Chris van Uffelen