Get 4 Maccabees: Introduction And Commentary on the Greek Text PDF

By David Arthur deSilva

ISBN-10: 1435614666

ISBN-13: 9781435614666

ISBN-10: 9004147764

ISBN-13: 9789004147768

This statement examines four Maccabees as a contribution to the continued reformulation of Jewish id and perform within the Greek-speaking Diaspora. It analyzes the Jewish author’s interplay with, and facility in, Greek rhetorical conventions, moral philosophy, and literary tradition, giving realization additionally to his use and interpretation of texts and traditions from the Jewish Scriptures and different Hellenistic Jewish writings. The statement shows the author’s skillful weaving jointly of a lot of these assets to create a textual content that translates the Torah-observant lifestyles because the fullest embodiment of the easiest Greek moral beliefs. a particular function is the exam of ways the adventure of interpreting four Maccabees in Codex Sinaiticus differs from the adventure of interpreting the eclectic textual content.

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Extra info for 4 Maccabees: Introduction And Commentary on the Greek Text in Codex Sinaiticus (Septuagint Commentary Series,)

Example text

31) Now self-control, then, is mastery of the desires. (32) And of the desires, some belong to the soul and some to the body – and reason is seen to master both of these. (33) Otherwise, how do we, being drawn to the forbidden foods, refuse the pleasures they offer? Is it not because reason is able to master the cravings? For I think this to be so. (34) For this very reason, though desiring seafood and birds and quadrupeds and all kinds of foods forbidden to us on account of the Law, we abstain on account of the mastery of reason.

16 (see van Henten and Avemarie 2002:145–151), which presents the story of the martyrdom of Miriam bat Tanhum and her seven sons under Hadrian, appears to have known the story of 4 Maccabees. 16 H, referring to Deut 26:17), as in 4 Macc 5:29. 16 I; van Henten and Avemarie, Martyrdom, 148). The mother compares herself to Abraham, much as the mother of the seven sons is praised as the “woman of the same soul as Abraham” in 4 Macc 14:20 (see also 15:28; 17:6), showing the growth of this tradition to xxxii INTRODUCTION COMMENTARY a contest of “one-upmanship” between the mother and the patriarch: “You built one altar and did not sacrifice your son, but I built seven altars and sacrificed my sons on them.

30) For reason is the governor of the virtues, but it is the absolute master of the passions. 30b ἐπιθεώρει {δὲ} τοίνυν* πρῶτον διὰ τῶν κωλυτικῶ(ν) τῆς σωϕροσύνις ἔργων ὅτι αὐτοδέσποτός ἐστιν τῶν παθῶν ὁ λογισμός. 32 τῶν δὲ ἐπιθυμιῶ(ν) αἱ μέν εἰσιν ψυχικαί, αἱ δὲ σωματικαί, καὶ τούτων ἀμϕοτέρων ἐπικρατεῖν ὁ λογισμὸς ϕαίνεται. 33 ἐπεὶ πόθεν κ<ε>ινούμενοι πρὸς τὰς ἀπειρημένας τροϕὰς, ἀποστρεϕόμεθα τὰς ἐξ αὐτῶ(ν) ἡδονάς; οὐχ ὅτι δύναται τῶν ὀρέξεων ἐπικρατεῖ(ν) ὁ λογισμός; ἐγὼ γὰρ οἶμαι. 34 τοιγαροῦν ἐνύδρων ἐπιθυμοῦντες κ(αὶ) ὀρνέων καὶ τετραπόδων καὶ παντοίων βρωμάτω(ν) τῶν ἀπηγορευμένων ἡμῖν διὰ* τὸν νόμον ἀπεχόμεθα διὰ τὴν τοῦ λογισμοῦ ἐπικράτειαν.

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4 Maccabees: Introduction And Commentary on the Greek Text in Codex Sinaiticus (Septuagint Commentary Series,) by David Arthur deSilva

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