By Slavoj Zizek
Philosophical materialism in all its kinds – from medical naturalism to Deleuzian New Materialism – has did not meet the foremost theoretical and political demanding situations of the fashionable global. this is often the load of thinker Slavoj iek’s argument during this pathbreaking and eclectic new paintings. contemporary heritage has visible advancements equivalent to quantum physics and Freudian psychoanalysis, to not converse of the failure of twentieth-century communism, shake our realizing of existence.
In the method, the dominant culture in Western philosophy misplaced its moorings. To deliver materialism brand new, iek – himself a devoted materialist and communist – proposes an intensive revision of our highbrow historical past. He argues that dialectical materialism is the single actual philosophical heir of what Hegel distinct the “speculative” technique in thought.
Absolute Recoil is a startling reformulation of the root and chances of modern philosophy. whereas concentrating on how you can conquer the transcendental method with out regressing to naïve, pre-Kantian realism, iek deals a sequence of tours into today’s political, inventive, and ideological panorama, from Arnold Schoenberg’s song to the flicks of Ernst Lubitsch.
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Additional info for Absolute Recoil: Towards A New Foundation Of Dialectical Materialism
New Materialism thus refuses the radical divide matter/ life and life/thought—selves or multiple agents are everywhere in different guises. A basic ambiguity nonetheless persists here: are these vital qualities of material bodies the result of our (the human observer’s) “benign anthropomorphism,” so that the vitality of matter means that “everything is, in a sense, alive,”10 or are we effectively dealing with a strong ontological claim asserting a kind of spiritualism without gods, with a way of restoring sacredness to worldliness?
In the context of the play, these lines refer to Troilus’ self-contradicting argumentation when he learns of Cressida’s infidelity: he enumerates arguments for and against what he wants to demonstrate; his reasoning rebels against its own line of argument without seeming to undo itself; and his unreasonableness assumes the appearance of rationality without seeming to contradict itself. A cause that acts against itself, a reason that coincides with the revolt (against itself) … Although these lines refer to feminine inconsistency, they can also be taken as a comment on the secret alliance between the dignity of the Law and its obscene transgression.
27 This is why the most un-Hegelian thing imaginable here would be to present Hegel’s idea of the rational state as a vision which is no longer self-contradictory but which, à la Fukuyama, is in its essence the finally found optimal formula that we, Hegel’s successors, simply have to gradually improve and reform, rather than attempt to change in its essence. Whatever Hegel stands for politically, however, it is not the gradual improvement of bourgeois society. Hegel’s vision of social development is, on the contrary, full of unexpected reversals—the promise of freedom turns into the worst nightmare, and so on.
Absolute Recoil: Towards A New Foundation Of Dialectical Materialism by Slavoj Zizek